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深圳自学考试英语二短文写作技巧六

来源:深圳自考大学网 作者:daxue 发表时间:2020-09-07 16:07【深圳自考大学网:深圳自学考试第一门户】
深圳自考大学为大家介绍深圳自学看考试英语二短文写作技巧六,希望对各位考生有所帮助!

(五)应用文
1. 信函类
(1)写作模式:简单表明写信的目的-具体阐述写信的意图-自己的希望及信笺结尾套语
(2)常用句式:
① 申请信
I am writing to apply for the post of … advertised in …
Immediately I saw your advertisement in the paper for …, I felt it was just the
kind of post for which I have the qualifications and for which I have been
looking for some time.
I feel I have the necessary qualifications and experiences needed for the
position of… advertised in the paper.
I hope I may be granted an interview, when I can explain my qualification more
fully.
I would like to apply for admission to your college.
I should like to further my studies in …department of your university.
My major interests are…., and I understand your university has a good program in
those fields.
② 邀请信及答复
Thank you for your letter of …
It is a pleasure for me to invite you on behalf of ….to accept…
It is with the greatest pleasure that I write to cordially(诚挚地)invite you to
attend the meeting.
It is very kind of you to ask us for dinner this coming Saturday evening. But,
to our deep regret, we cannot accept it.
③ 批评、抱怨、投诉信
I am writing to complain about….
I think it's high time you realized…
I must tell you that unless you do something about the situation I will be
forced to take legal action.
To be frank, I am not prepared to put up with the situation any more.
请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!【单选题】Choose the most suitable ending paragraph for the
following letter.Suppose you are Zhang Ying. Xiao Wang, your former classmate is
going to visit you during the week-long holiday in Beijing. Write according to
the suggestions given below. 1. 表示欢迎2. 提出度假安排的建议3. 提醒应注意的事项Dear Xiao Wang,Words
failed to express my excitement when I learned that you would spend the holiday
with me. It's been three years since we graduated from high school. I miss you
so much that I can't wait to see you. Now that it will be the first time you
have visited Beijing, I am sure your journey will be exciting, rewarding and
full of a lot of fun.I've made a rough plan for this holiday as follows. On the
first day you arrive here, I will show you around my new campus. Especially I
will take you to visit our newly-built modern library. During the following
three days, we are about to go sightseeing around Beijing. We can visit many
scenic spots and historical attractions, such as the Summer Palace, the
Forbidden city, the Great Wall etc. On the fifth day, we can visit Beijing Zoo,
since you are quite interested in wild animals. The next day, we can go
shopping. There are many splendid markets and shopping malls in Beijing. On the
last day, you can have a good rest before setting off. If there is any
inconvenience for you in this plan, please let me know
immediately._____________________________________________________________.                                      Yours,
                                  Zhang Ying A.
I'm writing to you to talk about your one-week stay in Beijing.B. I am looking forward to your reply and
  wish you a good journey.C. I'm looking forward your solving this problem in an
  agreeable way.D. With deepest gratitude I write you here a few lines.【答案】B
【解析】本题考查信函类作文的结束段落的写法。A和D都是开头段落的写法,故首先应排除;C是投诉类书信的结束段落的写法,故在本文中不合适。正确答案为B。【知识点】信函类作文
④ 感谢信
Thank you so much for ….
I warmly appreciate your hospitality.
I don't know to thank you for your kindness to me.
With deepest gratitude I write you here few lines.
I am writing to thank you, on behalf of my wife and on my own behalf, for the
lovely time we had at your party last night.
⑤ 道歉信
I am awfully sorry that I cannot …
I am very sorry for my rudeness /thoughtlessness / bad manners.
I feel sorry for my failure to …
I am writing to express my sincere apology for my …
I regret to inform you that I am unable to …
I believe you can understand that I have not intended to hurt you.
I feel guilty for what I have done to you.
⑥ 其它类型信函开头及结尾:
I am writing to you with reference to ….
Thanks so much for your letter, which arrived….
I would like to know some information on …
I would be grateful if you could /would ….
It will be appreciated if you can /could ….
I look forward to hearing from you.
I hope you can write back to me at your earliest convenience.
Best regards.
Best wishes for you.
3. 例文
假如你是Jim
Lee,你最近对你所在班的60名同学(男女各半)进行了上网目的的调查。现在调查结果(如下表所示)用英语给某报社的编辑写一封信报告此事,以引起舆论的关注。
 
注意:
1.报告应包括图表所示的内容;
2.叙述调查结果时要避免重复使用百分比;
3.叙述过程中要适当添加评语;
4.词数:150左右。
Sample writing:
Dear Editor,
I'm very honored to write this letter to you about a survey I have recently made
among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purposes of getting on the
Internet. The girl's favorite is chatting, and the portion of those fond of
chatting is 35%. On the contrary, very few boys like chatting on the internet,
accounting for less than 5%. What the boys like doing most is playing games and
reading news is just next to that. Both boys and girls like reading news and
sending e-mails on the Internet. Maybe they think it's the most convenient way
to get the latest information. In order to keep themselves well informed about
the development of the world affairs, they have taken advantage of the internet.
What we should pay attention to is that only a very small part of the boy and
girl students, use Internet as a tool to study despite its great convenience and
promptness. As far as I am concerned, students should make good use of the
internet to serve them both in their life and study, especially in the latter
perspective. What do you think about it?
I'm really looking forward to getting your reply. Best regards for you.
                                                    Yours sincerely,
                                                      Jim Lee
                                            (215 words)
2. 演讲类
Directions: Write A Campaign Speech in no less than 150 words based on the
outline below.
1 你认为自己具备是什么条件(能力,性格,爱好)可以胜任学生会主席工作,
2 如果当选你将会为本校同学做什么?
Sample Writing:
Dear brothers and sisters,
May I have your attention please? Today I am very honored to stand here to have
the chance of running for the president of the students' union. I am a junior in
the English Department. Since I came into the university, I have always been the
monitor of my class. I have done a very good job for my classmates, and my
classmates and my teachers all think highly of me. I am good at communication
and I have very strong organizing abilities. Most importantly, I'm very willing
to help others and can derive great pleasure from offering a helping hand to
others. Moreover, I have a variety of hobbies, for example, basketball,
football, pingpong, etc. I am sure that I am qualified for this position. If I
become the president, I will try my best to do well. I will organize some
suitable activities for you. You will never be disappointed in choosing me as
president since I will do many things for you to meet your demands. I will
greatly appreciate it if you will give me a chance, and I will never let you
down.
Thank you for your attention.
(197 words)
3. 通知类(一般了解)
通知的文体是考试中常见的一种文体也是对学生写作能力的一个必要的要求。通知是一种安排活动或布置工作时使用的文体,包括了口头通知和书面通知。口头通知是当面向有关人员口授有关活动的信息,
而书面通知是以布告的形式把事情通知给有关人员。通知的要素是时间,地点,对象,事件具体内容,注意事项等。通知的语言应该是简洁明了,直截了当。还应该注意要有一定的逻辑顺序。
注意:
(1)口头通知在开头一般都会以如下形式出现:
Ladies and gentlemen
Boys and girls
May I have your attention, please?
I have something important to tell you.
结尾时会以以下句子结束:
That's all. Thank you.
(2)书面通知在正文之前的正中位置写 Notice 字样。
在结尾要注明通知的发布人和发布日期。
例1:广播通知:
你校学生会将为来访的美国朋友举办一个晚会,要在学校广播中宣布此事,并欢迎大家参加。为使美国朋友能听懂,请你用英语写一篇广播通知。要点如下:
宗旨:欢迎来访的美国朋友
组织者:学生会
时间:7月 13 日(星期六)晚上7:30
活动内容:音乐,跳舞,唱歌,游戏,交换小礼品(请包装好,签名并在包装外面写上几个祝愿词)
May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. The Students'
Union is going to hold a party on Saturday evening, July 13, to welcome our
friends from the United States. The party will be held in the roof garden of the
Main Building. It will begin at 7:30 PM. There will be music, dancing, singing,
games and exchange of gifts. You may bring along a small gift for this purpose.
Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few words of good wishes.
Don't forget: 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building. It's sure to
be a lot of fun. Everybody is welcome.
例2:下面是有关英语演讲比赛的信息,请根据此用英语写一则通知.
活动:英语演讲比赛
目的:提高英语口语
组织者:学生会
参加范围:高中学生
报名时间:5月25日以前
报名地点:学生会办公室
比赛时间:6月9日 下午4:00
比赛地点:教学楼五楼礼堂
评奖:前五名优胜者获奖
Notice
We are going to have an English-speaking contest for senior students so as to
improve our oral English. It will be held in the auditorium on the 5th floor in
the teaching building 4:00pm, June 9th. Those who want to take part in the
contest are supposed to come to sign up at the office of the Students' Union
before May 25th.
All the senior students are welcome to join in the contest. The first five
winners will be given prizes. Please try our best and get ready in time.
Wish you success!

                                           The Students' Union
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