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深圳自学考试英语二短文写作技巧四

来源:深圳自考大学网 作者:daxue 发表时间:2020-09-04 15:12【深圳自考大学网:深圳自学考试第一门户】
深圳自考大学为大家介绍深圳自学考试英语二短文写作技巧四,希望对各位考生有所帮助!

(三)现象分析型作文

1. 原因分析型作文

(1)写作模式:引出现象-分析引起现象的原因-我的观点

(2)常用句型:

① 引出现象的句式:

With the rapid development of …, many formerly unimaginable things come into reality. The phenomenon of … is an example.

With …, … has become an increasingly serious problem in society.

With the increase of population, housing shortage is becoming a more and more serious problem in large cities.

② 引出原因的句式

There are many factors that may account for it, and the following are the most typical ones.

There is probably a variety of reasons for the dramatic increase/decline in …

First… Second…Finally…

Why did …? For one thing…, for another… Perhaps the primary reason is …

The change is chiefly caused by the fact that…

The failure mainly comes from several factors that…

We can regard … as a result of…

A number of factors could account for /contribute to /lead to/ result in…

…, partly because …, partly because…

2. 后果分析型作文

(1)写作模式:引出现象-分析该现象的后果或影响-解决方法或我的观点

(2)常用句型:
引出后果或影响的句式
There are a number of terrible consequences of … Perhaps the most serious one is….

It will have/produce/bring about a far-reaching/profound effect/influence/impact on…

The effect / influence / consequence of … is not only limited to… but also

This leaves some serious consequences of…

It may cause /create/ bring/ result in/ lead to/ give rise to a set of problems.

3. 例文:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic On Fake Commodities .You should write 150 words or so and you should base your composition the outline below.

1.假冒伪劣商品充斥于各个角落
2. 假冒伪劣商品的原因和危害
3.怎样杜绝假冒伪劣商品

Sample writing:
On Fake Commodities
Today, there are many fake commodities sold in the market. Some can do great
harm to us. Why there are so many fake commodities?
There are always two reasons, I think. First, the factories spend less time and
less money in producing the fake commodities than the good ones. In this way,
they can make a greater profit. Second, the fake commodities are always cheaper
and many people like to buy them. As a result, the fake commodities became more
and more widely spread. It's very obvious that fake commodities are harmful. For
example, there is a man just catching a cold. If the man takes some fake
medicine, perhaps he will get worse, or even die. He is so poor just because he
has bought some fake commodities. The fake commodities do harm to the people, at
the same time, they do harm to society.
Many factories selling good commodities will go bankrupt in a short time, which
will cause many workers out of work.
There are many ways to eliminate fake commodities but the following ones may be
effective. First, the laws of the protection of consumers should be enforced to
severely punish those who produce or sell fake commodities. Second, consumers
should be taught how to tell good commodities from fake ones. Third, they should
be advised to protect their own interests and not to be led astray by false
advertisements. In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the
problem of fake commodities and launch a campaign against them. Only in this way
will fake commodities be possibly eliminated from the market in the future. (272
words)



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