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深圳自学考试英语二短文写作技巧二

来源:深圳自考大学网 作者:daxue 发表时间:2020-09-04 15:13【深圳自考大学网:深圳自学考试第一门户】
深圳自考大学为大家介绍深圳自学考试英语二短文写作技巧二,希望对各位考生有所帮助!

二、各类型作文的写法和常用句型
(一)图表 / 看图作文
1. 写作模式:描述图表/图画-分析图表/图画-总结全文(也可以展望未来或发出倡议或表明自己的态度)
2. 常用句型:
(1)表示说明的开篇句式:
As we can see from the chart / graph / table/ picture…
The chart/graph/ table displays/ illustrates/ describes/ indicates/ points out
that …
It is clear/ apparent from the chart/ table/ graph that…
The figures/ statistics in the chart reflect/ show/ reveal that …
The table/chart /graph shows (that) …
According to the table/chart /graph, …
As is shown in the table/chart /graph, …
As can be seen from the table/chart/ graph/picture, …
It can be seen from the figures/statistics that …
We can see from the figures/statistics that …
As we can see in this picture, …
This picture shows that …
(2)描述图表的句式:
A takes up/ occupies/ accounts for 20% of the total population/ output/ income/
expenditure/ consumption.
On the top of the list is…, which accounts for 60%.
On the bottom is …, which takes up 20%.
Compared with A, B has a higher percentage.
A is second to B. (A仅次于B。)
There was a very slight/ small/ slow/gradual/ steady/ marked/ large/ sharp/
rapid/ sudden/ dramatic rise/ increase/ drop/ decrease/ decline/ fall/ reduction
in 2008.
The number of…declines/rises by …% from… to…
The number of… remains steady/ stable/ the same…
The price leveled off.
(3)表明个人观点的句式
As has been shown above, we can safely say that …
As far as I am concerned, …
To the best of my knowledge, …
As to me, ….
In my view / opinion, …
(4)表示总结概括的句式
In conclusion / In summary / In a word / In a nutshell / In brief, …
3. 例文:
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition
on the topic How Are Working People Doing Physical Exercises? You should write
150 words or so and base your composition on the chart and the outline given
below.
1. 描述下列图表所表达的信息;
2. 谈谈你对此现象的看法.
3.根据此现象提出建议
 
Sample writing:
As we can see from the chart, on the top of the list is the number of working
people seldom doing physical exercises, which accounts for 60%. What follows are
working people doing exercises once a month at a percentage of 25%. On the
bottom is the number of people doing regular exercises, which takes up only 15%.
Although more and more working people are realizing the importance of physical
exercises, they cannot spare their limited time to do some exercises because of
the heavy burden of supporting their families on their shoulders. Apart from
that, their daily lives at the office cannot provide them with the exercise
their body needs. Lack of physical exercises is one of the main contributing
factors to poor health among the working people.
In order to stay healthy and concentrate on their work more efficiently, all
people, especially working people should take some physical exercises. Society
should encourage people to take exercises regularly. The problem of insufficient
exercises among working people should be solved as soon as possible. (174 words)



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